Risk factors of head and neck cancer
If you have a persistent lump, sore throat or voice changes then always contact your GP - early diagnosis is vital.
Drinking alcohol and smoking
Smoking tobacco and drinking a lot of alcohol are high risk factors for cancer of the larynx in the Western world.
Human papillomavirus, abbreviated as ‘HPV’, is a very common virus that will infect the majority of people at some point in their life. The incidence of HPV-related head and neck cancer is increasing rapidly worldwide. Patients with HPV-related head and neck cancer are generally younger, in good health, and may not have a typical history of tobacco and/or alcohol abuse. Worldwide it is estimated that of all patients with oropharyngeal cancer, HPV is responsible in 18.5%-90%. The range worldwide varies due to cultural differences, range in medical practice standards and diagnosis rates per country.
In this section
Every day in the UK, 40 people are diagnosed with head and neck cancer.
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Oracle Cancer Trust is a registered charity in England and Wales (1142037). A company limited by guarantee. Registered company in England and Wales (7125497). Registered address: 10 Parsons Green House, 27 Parsons Green Lane, London SW6 4HH.